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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f8\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f10\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f12\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f14\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f9\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2705\margr2565\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2705\margrsxn2565\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw5602\colsr1130\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 energetic personality, and the task of internal conso\-\expndtw11 lidation having already been accomplished by his \expndtw8 father, he found himself in a position to undertake \expndtw10 foreign expeditions. His most notable achievement \expndtw18 was the defeat of Indraraja (Indrayudha), whom \expndtw12 he deposed, raising Cakrayudha to the throne of \expndtw10 Kanauj. The settlement, thus made by the Gauda \expndtw0 monarch, was "readily accepted" by the leading con\-\expndtw1 temporary states of Northern India, viz., Bhoja, Matsya, \expndtw5 Madra, Kuru, Yadu, Yavana, Avanti, Gandhara, and \expndtw2 Kira.\super 1\nosupersub  Dharmapala's wars with other contemporaries, however, appear to have been disastrous to his arms. \expndtw3 Inscriptions record that both Vatsaraja Pratihara and \expndtw5 Dhruva Rastrakuta \i (c. \i0 779-94 A.D.), who cpuld not \expndtw2 tolerate the Imperial pretensions of Dharmapala, routed \expndtw11 him separately. The engagement with Dhruva per\-\expndtw4 haps took place in the Gangetic Doab, for we are told \expndtw1 that he vanquished the Gauda ruler "as he was fleeing \expndtw10 between the Ganges and the Jumna."\super 2\nosupersub  The Sanjan \expndtw2 plates further testify that "Dharma (Dharmapala) and \expndtw9 Cakrayudha surrendered of themselves" to Govinda \expndtw1 III Rastrakuta \i (c. \i0 794-814 A.D.). Finally, Dharmapala's \expndtw0 dreams of supremacy in the North came to nought when \expndtw6 Nagabhata II Pratihara seized Kanauj from Cakrayu\-\expndtw8 dha. Dharmapala was furious at the dethronement of \expndtw6 his protege, but all was in vain and he suffered a re\-\expndtw4 verse in a sanguinary contest with the Pratihara con\-\expndtw12 queror at Mudgagiri (Monghyr)\super 3\nosupersub .}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li29\fi482\ri4\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Dharmapala was a Buddhist, and he is said to have \expndtw3 founded the famous establishment at Vikramas'ila (Patharghata, Bhagalpur district). Its splendid temples \expndtw0 and monasteries bore eloquent testimony to his liberality \expndtw8 as well as to that of the other donors.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li407\fi0\ri1786\sb241\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 1\nosupersub  Ep. Ind.\sub \}\nosupersub  \i0 IV, pp. 248, 252. \super\expndtw9 2\nosupersub I^., XVIII, pp. 244, 252, 1.   14. \i\super\expndtw4 3\nosupersub  Ibid., \i0 pp. 108, 112, verse 10.}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb9439\sa0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs17 >-}\par }